The reconciliation talks in Cairo revolve around the implementation of the National Reconciliation Agreement between the two political parties, Hamas and Fata, to end the divisions between these two political parties.
The delegations will be led by the deputy head of Hamas’s political office, Saleh al-Arouri, and a member of the Fatah Central Committee, Azzam al-Ahmad.
However, Hassan Yousef, a member of Hamas political party reported that Israel has blocked a delegation from traveling to Cairo through Jordan to take part in the reconciliation talks.
Another member of the Hamas delegation, Khalil al-Haya also said that the mission would discuss forming a national unity government with the participation of all Palestinian political parties and preparing for legislative, presidential and national council elections.
Haya said the negotiations would focus on ending Palestinian division “to confront intransigence and the Israeli project”.
The 2011 National Reconciliation Agreement clearly stipulated that legislative, presidential and national council elections should be conducted within one year of its signing. For this reason, the deal would urge both Hamas and Fatah to form a Palestinian government to appoint the prime minister and ministerial positions.
The spoken person on behalf of Fatah, Osama al-Qawasmeh, declared to the official PA radio that the talks would last within a span of three consecutive days and would focus on enabling the national consensus government to exercise its political, security and economic functions in Gaza.
Other issues on the agenda include Gaza’s electricity crisis, the salaries of PA employees in the coastal enclave, security and the administration of border crossings.
Recently, it’s been a bad moment for Hamas because of the constant pressures from the PA President Mahmoud Abbas on measures against Gaza, which aimed at pressuring Hamas to give up control of the territory. A call for punitive measures forced the complete reduction the salaries of PA employees living in Gaza and requesting Israel to also reduce the electricity supply to the territory.
If the reconciliation efforts are successful, they could temporarily ease Gaza’s dire humanitarian situation.
Obstacles That May Retrograde Down Towards The Agreement
Despite the latest Egyptian initiative to end the divide between the West Bank-based PA, led by Fatah, and the Hamas movement in the Gaza Strip, several potential obstacles could cause a national unity government to falter.
Hamas‘ preferred method of armed resistance in facing Israel is among the main obstacles, analysts say.
Last week, Abbas called on Hamas to surrender its weapons. Speaking to Egyptian television, Abbas called for “one state, one regime, one law and one weapon”.
Hamas, on several occasions, has stressed that the issue of armed resistance is not up for discussion. “The resistance’s weapons are legal,” spokesperson Hazem Qassem told the local Maan News Agency. “They are here to protect Palestinians and free their lands [from Israeli occupation].”
Hamas has been Gaza’s de facto ruler since 2007 when the party defeated Abbas’ long-dominant Fatah party in parliamentary elections.
Ibrahim Abrash, a political analyst, and Gaza’s former culture minister said some issues, such as Hamas‘ recognition of Israel and the 1967 borders, “will take time to iron out … but the dire situation in Gaza cannot withhold waiting any longer”.
Abrash told Al Jazeera that, while he believes Fatah is serious about carrying out presidential elections, the fear is that Israel will get involved.
Abbas’ term expired in 2009, and presidential elections have not been held since.
“The last time Hamas joined elections in 2006, Israel carried out a campaign of arrests against Hamas parliamentarians. There need to be some Arab and international guarantees that things would go smoothly,” said Abrash.
On the issue of armed resistance, Abrash said Israel would make it “very difficult” for the unity government to carry out its duties. “This would mean that the political system would be faulty, with some factions carrying weapons and others not. I think these issues will not be opened now, but in the end, this issue will explode if the root of it is not solved.”
Al Jazeera News